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六级英语阅读强化练习.doc

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六级英语阅读强化练习.doc

第 PAGE 页码 页码 页 / 总页数 NUMPAGES 总页数 总页数 页 六级英语阅读强化练习英语六级考试的备考已经进入最后的复习阶段,为了帮助大家进一步地提升阅读理解能力。下面是我为大家带来,欢迎考生阅读练习。原文Researchers who are unfamiliar with the cultural and ethnic groups they are studying musttake extra precautions to shed any biases they bring with them from their own culture. Forexample, they must make sure they construct measures that are meaningful for each of thecultural or ethnic minority groups being studied.In conducting research on cultural and ethnic minority issues, investigators distinguishbetween the emic approach and the etic approach. In the emic approach, the goal is todescribe behavior in one culture or ethnic group in terms that are meaningful and important tothe people in that culture or ethnic group,without regard to other cultures or ethnic groups. Inthe etic approach, the goal is to describe behavior so that generalizations can be made acrosscultures. If researchers construct a questionnaire in an emic fashion, their concern is onlythat the questions are meaningful to the particular culture or ethnic group beingstudied. If.however, the researchers construct a questionnaire in an etic fashion,they want to includequestions that reflet concepts familiar to all cultures involved.How might the emic and etic approaches be reflected in the study of family processes? In theemic approach,the researchers might choose to focus only on middle-class White families,without regard for whether theinformation obtained in the study can be generalized or isappropriate for ethnic minority groups. In a subsequent study. the researchers may decide toadopt an etic approach by studying not only middle-class White families, but also lower-income White families. Black American families, Spanish American families. andAsian Americanfamilies. In studying ethnic minority families, the researchers would likely discover that theextended family is more frequently a, support system in ethnic minority families than inWhite American families. If so, the emic approach would reveal a different pattern of familyinteraction than would theetic approach, documenting that research with middle-class Whitefamilies cannot always be generalized to all ethnic groups.题目1. According to the First paragraph.researchers unfamiliar with the target cultures areinclined to________________.A) be overcautious in constructing meaningful measuresB) view them from their own cultural perspectiveC) guard against interference from their own cultureD) accept readily what is alien to their own culture2. What does the author say about the emic approach and the etic approach?A) They have different research focuses in the study of ethnic issues.B) The former is biased while the latter is objective.C) The former concentrates on the study of culture while the latter on family issues.D) They are both heavily dependent on questionnaires in conducting surveys.3. Compared with the etic approach the emic approach is apparentlymore______________.A) culturally interactiveB) culture-orien

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