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英语人教版八年级下册Unit-7Grammar-focus-4a-4c(1).ppt

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英语人教版八年级下册Unit-7Grammar-focus-4a-4c(1).ppt

Unit 7 What’s the highest mountain in the world?;Whats the highest mountain in the world?; 比较级、最高级的构成规则:1. 规则变化 一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词/副词比较级+er, 最高级+est。 clever — cleverer — cleverest few — fewer — fewest small — smaller — smallest 等。 ;4) 重读闭音节,单辅音结尾的,双写这个辅音字母+er 或 est的词:① fat — fatter — fattest ② thin — thinner — thinnest ③ hot — hotter — hottest ④ red — redder — reddest ⑤ wet — wetter — wettest ⑥ big — bigger — biggest ;注意: 下列情况词前加 more/most 1) +ed和+ing 构成的形容词 pleased — more pleased — the most pleased tired — more tired — the most tired tiring– more tiring– the most tiring 2) +ful/less构成的形容词 + ly构成的副词 careful - more careful - the most careful useful - more useful - the most useful happily-- more happily--- most happily 3) 部分双音节形容词: often ,serious,famous honest ,athlete(身体强健的);b) 不规则变化: good / well — better — best bad/badly/ill — worse — worst many/much — more — most far — farther —farthest (距离远) further — furthest (程度深) old — elder — eldest (长幼) older — oldest (年龄); 比较级考点1) 比较级修饰问题 a little, a bit, even, still, much, a lot, far 等可修饰比较级。e.g. Tom is a little taller than Jim. This book is much more interesting than that one.;2) 同类比较e.g. The weather in Beijing is colder than that in Xi’an. Our school is bigger than yours. 3) the + 比较级+ of the two+名词/ twins等e.g. Lucy is the fatter of the two girls.;5) 比较级 + and + 比较级 “ 越来越......” harder and harder more and more beautiful It’s getting colder and colder.6) . the + 比较级 + 主谓,the + 比较级 + 主谓 ....越....., .....就 越...... The more you exercise, the better you are. The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better its for their future.;最高级注意事项; 最高级中考考点① 范围问??:有in/of短语,用最高级e.g. Tom is the tallest student in the class. Spring is the best season of the year.;3. 比较级和最高级的转换e.g. Tom is the tallest student in the class. = Tom is taller than any other student in the class. = Tom is taller than the other students in the class. = Tom is taller than anyone else in his class. = No other students are taller than Tom.; 3.同级比较① as + adj./adv.原级 + as “…..和…一样”e.g. She is as thin as Lily. He writes as carefully as Linda.② not + as/so + adj./adv. 原级+ as = less +原级 +than...“….不及……”e.g. Tony didn’t run so fast as Carter. Tony ran less fast than Carter.;1. Our family has bought a car so we can travel _____ than before. ?? most easily? ? B. less easily? ?C. easily? ? D. more easily??2. My father told me a story last night. It is ____ one I’ve ever heard. ?? the funniest? ? B. funniest? ?C. funnier? ? D. the funnier? ?;3. The _____ friends you have, the ____ you will be. ? ?? ?? ???A. more, happy? ? B. many, happy? ?C. more, happier? ?D. many, happier 4. When he heard a cry for help, he ran out

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