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连词用法学习资料.pptx

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连词用法学习资料.pptx


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连词(Conjunction);二、连词分类;一、连词定义: 用来连接词、短语或句子的词。 eg :I study English and Chinese. Does he work at school or in the hospital? I get up early, but my brother gets up late. ;二、连词分类: 并列连词 从属连词—;三、用法 1.并列连词 --- 连接具有并列关系的词,短语或句子。 常见的有:(1)表并列关系的and, both…and, not only…but also, neither…nor(既不...也不...),as well as(也,和)等。(2)表选择关系的or, either…or(或者...或者...)等。(3)表转折关系的but, however等。(4)表因果关系的for, so等。;;(1)肯定句中用“and” 表“和”;(2)否定句中用“or”表“和” 。;= Study hard, _____ your math will be worse.; 表转折的连词but 和however: e.g. (他努力工作,但以失败告终。) He worked hard, ______ he failed at last. He worked hard. _________, he failed at last. 区别: but 后没有逗号,直接连接分句; however 后有逗号相隔,可放句末。; (1) Although he is over sixty, but he works as hard as others.(F) (2)“Because John was ill, so I took him to the doctor.”(F);either A or B “或者A或者B”neither A nor B “既不A也不B”not only A but also B “不仅A而且B”;2. 从属连词---用来引导从句。常见的从属连词有:(1)引导时间状语从句的after, before, when, while, as, until, till, since, as soon as等。(2)引导条件状语从句的if, unless等。(3)引导原因状语从句的because, as, since等。(4)引导目的状语从句的so that, in order that等。(5)引导让步状语从句的though, although, even if等。(6)引导结果状语从句的so that, so…that, such…that等。(7)引导比较状语从句的than, as…as等。(8)引导宾语从句的that, if , whether等。; Mr. White was taking a shower _____ the UFO landed on the street. A. where B. while C. when D. whether;考点二 ;He took the MP3 player with him _____ he could enjoy music during the trip.A. because B. so that C. when;Funny Husband (H) & Wife (W) about Shopping;H:“What are we going to do, my dear?” W: “Go shopping.”H:“We can do nothing ___________shopping.”W:“In fact, _______ you _____ I like shopping.”H: “Why must you do the things _____ you don’t like?” W: “___ my skirts are out of style, ___ I want to buy a new one.”W:(In the clothing shop.)…I don’t know___ they fit me. ”H: “I don’t know ____________ you really like. Just go inside and try them on.”H:(对seller笑笑)“Can you talk to me for a few minutes?” S:Why?H:Because _________________my wife sees (that) I am talking to other ladies, she will be angry at once and leave.S: “Then why do you let her go?”H: “I want to leave ________ I won’t pay for them.”

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