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连系动词与用法.ppt

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连系动词与用法.ppt


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连系动词(即系动词)用于连接主语和表语,说明主语的状态,性质,特征或身份。表语通常由名词、形容词,或相当于名词或形容词的词或短语等充当,说明主语是什么或怎么样。常见的系动词是be,它的变化形式为:anm/ is/are/was/were.除了be动词,其他的系动词(半系动词)大致可分为四类L“感觉”类与五种感觉器官相关的动词常见的有:ook(看起来),fee(摸上去),smel(闻起来)taste(尝起来), sound(听起来)等。例如What he says sounds (like) a good idea.Those oranges taste goodShe looks much younger in her reddress2.“主观判断”类包括seem(似乎是)appear(似乎、显得), prove(证明是),turn out(结果是,证明是)等例如:He appears/seem to be very friendlywith usThey appear/seem to havemisunderstood meIt appears/seem that she will win3.“状态变化”类:表示主语从一种状态变化成另一种状态。常见的有: become,turn,grow,go,come, fall, get等。例如:Put the fish in the fridge, or it willgo bad in hot weather..“状态持续”类表示主语持续某种状态。常见的有: remain(依然),ke(保持)stay(保持),lie(呈…状态,置于),continue(继续、仍旧)等。例如:why dont you put the meat in thefridge?-It will stay fresh for several daysThe population growth in China remainsa problem.The book lay open on the desk半系动词词汇用法时态语态感官性look, sound,般现在或过去时smell, taste, fee+adj+ like +n(特殊:feel主动表被动系动词主观判断| seem,appear系动词一般现系动词主动表被turn out+(tobe)adjJ/m.在或过去时动系动词prove, happen± to do sth不定式可用各不定式可主动或etc种形式被动状态变化|beomturn, grow+ adj现在过去系动词|g,gcome, fall.注意记忆将来进行、无被动完成时etc惯用搭配状态持续kepremain,+adj.般现系动词sy,len在或过无被动去时etcfee作系动词的用法1.表”某物体给人的感觉”,只用一般现在或过去时Silk feels soft2.表”主语自身的感觉”,用于各种时态How are you today?Oh, I havent felt as ill as i do now for a long timeIm feeling a little better todaycHoose the best answer1. The watercool when Ijumped into the pool formorning exercise.A, was feltB. is feltC. feltD. feelsChoose the best answer2. He shook his headandlookedwhen he was toldthe bad newsA sadly; sadly B sad; sadC. sadly; sadD sad; sadlyChoose the best answer3. I love to go to the forest insummer. tgood to walk inthe forest or sit in the shade oftreesA does B feelsC gets D makes

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