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中考英语倒装句(最全面-最简洁).pptx

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中考英语倒装句(最全面-最简洁).pptx


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Grammar;英语句子的自然顺序是主语在前,谓语在后(主语+谓语)。把谓语动词放在主语之前(谓语+主语),就叫倒装结构。如果全部谓语放在主语之前, 叫全部倒装; 如果只把助动词或be 动词放在主语之前就叫部分倒装。;基本语序(natural order):;1. The bell goes there.2. The children rush out.3. A small garden was in front of the house .;He looked.He was able to look.He had looked.He looks.He can do that.He is handsome.He does those things.He hadn’t finished.;一、完全倒装;2 ,(1).在以here、there、now、then等副词开头的句子里。 句式:副词+vi+名词主语 ;(2). 表示方向的副词out, in, up, down等置于句首,要用全部倒装。如果主语是人称代词,就不用倒装。如:;注意:在上述句子中,如果主语为人称代词,则主、谓不需要倒装。 ??? In he came and back he went again. ;4."分词(代词) + be + 主语"结构。;5,某些表语位于句首,保持句子平衡,以强调表语. 句式:表语+系动词+主语(必须是名词) ;4)表语为进行时态中的现在分词 Lying on the floor was a boy.Standing beside the desk was a teacher.;5. 为了保持句子结构平衡, 或为了强调表语或状语,或为了使上下文结构紧凑。 They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.Inside the pyramids are the burial rooms for the kings and queens and long passages to these rooms.;二、部分倒装;1. 句首状语为否定词或半否定词的句子。;1) Hardly ____ the airport when the plane took off. A. I had arrived at  B. had I arrived C. had I reached  D. I had got to 2) —Have you ever seen anything like that before? —No, _____ anything like that before. A. I never have seen  B. never I have seen C. never have I seen  D. I have seen 3) She is not fond of cooking, ____ I. A. so am B. nor am C. neither D. nor do;2. Only + 状语(副词/ 介词短语/ 状语从句),位于句首 ,要部分倒装。;3. so或so引导的短语放在句首,前半部分倒装。;4. "Not only + 分句,but also + 分句"句型中的前一分句要部分倒装。;5、as/ though (虽然,尽管)引导的让步状语从句。句式:名词\形容词\副词\动词\分词+as\though+主语+其他;6.用于So/neither (nor) + be ( have, 助动词或情态动词) + 主语+其他的句子;So +be/助动词/情态动词+主语某人也是如此Nor/neither +be/助动词/情态动词+主语某人也不是如此So +主语+be/助动词/情态动词某人确实如此;;8.句首是表频率的副词及短语(often, well, many a time, now and again,, once a week, now and then, every other day 等) 开头的句子中,要用部分倒装结构。;如果直接引语后注明引语是什么人所说的, 主语是名词时, 用倒装结构。主语是代词时, 一般不用倒装结构。 “ Let’ go,” said the man / he said.用于 某些祝愿的句子。 May you succeed. ;倒装句中主谓何时不倒装;1. 疑问句中, 如果疑问词作主语或主语的修饰语, 主谓不倒装。; 2. 在以 in, out, back, up, down, off, away, here, there 等副词开头的句子中,如果主语是人称代词, 主谓不倒装。 Away he went to the station. 他到车站去了。 Here she comes. 她来了。; 3. 如果置于句首的由 only 引导的词组不是状语,而是主语,则主谓不倒装。 Only the teachers are allowed to use this room. 只有教师可以使用这个房间。 Only some of the children like English. 只有一些孩子喜欢英语。; 4. 如果置于句首的 not only … but also … 仅连接作主语的两个并列词组,则主语和谓语不倒装。   Not only men but also women and children are affected by the new law. 新法律不仅对男人,而且对妇女和儿童也有影响。 ; 5. 把副词性替代词 so 提前, 如果两句的主语相同, 且后者只是进一步肯定或强调前者, so 后面的语序不倒装。  — It’s raining.    — So it is.   — Bob didnt know about it.  — So he didnt.  鲍勃不知道这件事。  他确实不知道。; 6. 以 so 开头的句型, 如果是 so it is (was) with + 另一主语, 此时主语和谓语不倒装。如: Marx was born in Germany and German was his native language. So it was with Engels. 马克思出生在德国, 德语是他的母语, 恩格斯也是如此。 ;1. ---Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? ---I don’t know, _______. A. nor don’t I care B. nor do I care C. I don’t care neither D. I don’t care also;2. Not until all the fish died in the river _

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