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中考主谓一致.docx

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地址:西湖区文二路307号 电话:400-8122616 第 PAGE 1页 您身边的第三课堂 主谓一致 Subject—Verb Agreement I am a teacher She often does her homework in the morning. There is only one box on the table. There are 50 students in our class. (一)四大原则 语法一致原则:即主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,谓语也用复数形式。 意义一致原则:即主语意义上的单复数要与谓语的单复数形式一致。 就近原则:即谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式,取决于最靠近他的主语。 随前原则(就远原则):“主语+ 附属结构” 作主语,谓语与主语一致 分类讲解 一、语法一致原则 1、单数主语,不定式,动名词或从句作主语时,谓语动词用单数1. A student is studying English.2 .Serving the people is my great happiness.3 .When we deliver the goods hasnt beendecided.4 .When and where we will go hasnt been decided. 但当what引导的句子做主语,若后面是 “be +名词”的结构时,谓语随名词变化。1.)What you did is right.2.)What you need are these dictionaries. 复数名词、代词作主语,谓语动词一般用复数形式① All the students _____clever. (are)②They _____English very much. (like) 用and或both…and 连接的单数名词、代词、动词不定式短语、动名词短语及主语从句作主语谓语动词用复数形式。① Both my father and my mother ____farmers. (are)②What I think and what I do ___been fairly in disagreement. (have) 注意:(1.)当and连接的并列单数名词前有each,every, no或者many a 等限定词时,谓语动词通常用单数。Each student and each teacher __been given a task. (has)Every flower and every bush ___to be cut down. (is)(2.)当主语由and连结时,如果表示同一人或同一物时,谓语动词用单数,此时and后面的名词无冠词。 The worker and writer ____(be) from Wuhan. (is)The worker and the writer _____(be) from Beijing. (are) 4、不定代词somebody, someone, something, anybody, anything, everybody, everyone, everything, nobody, no one, nothing等作主语,谓语动词用单数形式;Something ____ (has / have) gone wrong with my watch. (has)Anybody who _______ ( break / breaks) the rule will be punished. (breaks) 5、 each of…/either of…./one of…谓语动词用单数.none of…/neither of…可单可复,根据说话人的意思决定;*但代表不可数名词时,用单数1.) Each of the students ___a book.(has)2) None of us _____perfect. (are,is)3) Neither of them _______the answer.(know/knows)4) None of this ______me. (worries) None of this money ____mine. (is)*neither作形容词时与单数名词连用,谓语动词用单数。Neither statement _______true. (was) 6、 “many a +单数名词more than one+单数名词one and a half +复数名词”作主语,谓语动词用单数 1.) many a foreigner___ been to the Great Wall. (has) 2.)More than one student___ turned up at the meeting. (was) 3.) One and a half bananas ___eaten by the boy. (was) 1. Many a man___ the story. A. believes   B. believe 2.More than one man ___died in the accident.  A. has B. have 3.More than five men ___died in the accident. A. has B. have 7. Some ./a lot of /half of…./the rest of…../part of…/plenty of…/分数(%)+of….. the majority of + 名词”等作主语,谓语动词的单复数取决于of后的名词或代词的单复数形式。 ① Two-thirds of the students ____from countryside. (come) ② Ninety percent of the work ___ been done. (has) 8. 定语从句中的主谓一致。(1)与先行词一致。定语从句中主语是关系代词who, that, which 时,从句谓语动词应与先行词保持一致。I, who ___your teacher, will share happiness and sorrow with you.(am)⑵ which/as代替一句话内容,谓语动词用单数As ___known, I am beautiful. (is)(3) one of +复数名词 + 定语从句,从句中的谓语用复数形式; the only/exact one of+复数名词 + 定语从句,从句中的谓语用单数形式。Tom is one of the students who__ good at playing football. (a

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