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2021届高一英语必修一Unit 4 Natural disasters语法专练复习.docx

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2021届高一英语必修一Unit 4  Natural disasters语法专练复习.docx


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Unit 4 Natural disasters 定语从句(Ⅰ) 在复合句中,修饰某一名词、代词或整个主句的从句叫作定语从句。 从句修饰的名词或代词叫作先行词,连接先行词和定语从句的词叫关系词。关系词的主要作用是连接主句和从句,同时指代先行词,并在从句中充当一定的句子成分。关系词分为关系代词和关系副词两种,关系代词有that,which,who,whom,whose等;关系副词有when,where,why。 观察例句 1. There were deep cracks that/which appeared in the well walls. 2.Two thirds of the people who lived there were dead or injured. 3.The number of people who were killed or badly injured in the quake was more than 400,000. 4.Soon after the quakes,the army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 5.Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. 6.A doctor with whom James used to work died in the 2016 earthquake in Ecuador. 7.Mr.Li is an architect whose designs for the new town of Wenchuan have won praise. 8.The supplies which were provided to the disaster area were collected from around the country. 归纳用法 一、关系代词的基本用法 1.who指人,在从句中作主语或宾语,作宾语时可省略。 The man who is talking with my father is a teacher. 正在和我父亲说话的那个人是个教师。 The girl (who) I met yesterday was his sister. 我昨天见到的那个女孩是他的妹妹。 2.whom指人,在从句中作宾语,常可省略,不能作主语。 The boy(whom)the teacher often praises is their monitor. 老师经常表扬的那个男孩是他们的班长。 [名师点津]  (1)关系代词whom在口语或非正式文体中常可用who来代替。 The boy(who/whom/that)we saw yesterday was Johns brother. 昨天我们看到的那个男孩是约翰的哥哥。 (2)在从句中作介词的宾语且直接跟在介词后时,用whom,不用who。 He is a man from whom we are all ready to learn. 他是我们大家都愿意学习的人。 即学即练1 用关系代词填空 ①Do you know the man who is talking with your mother? ②Those who want to see the film set down your names,please. ③This is the person who/whom you should thank for helping your son. 3.which只指物,不指人,可作主语或宾语,作宾语时可省略。 Guilin is a city which has a history of 2,000 years. 桂林是一个有2 000年历史的城市。 The young man was very happy to get back the gold ring(which) he had lost on the train. 那个年轻人找回了在火车上丢失的金戒指,非常高兴。 4.whose既可指人,也可指物。其后接名词,与先行词构成从属关系,在从句中作定语。 This is the scientist whose name is known all over the country. 这就是那位闻名全国的科学家。 Nobody wants the house whose roof has fallen in. 没有人想要这个屋顶已坍塌的房子。 that指人时,相当于who或whom;指物时,相当于which。在定语从句中作主语或宾 语,作宾语时可省略。 The woman(that)I read about in the newspaper has just won a gold medal. 我在报纸上读过那位妇女的相关报道,她刚刚夺得一枚金牌。 The report(that)Mr.Turner handed in was about the motor race. 特纳先生递交的报告是关于摩托车比赛的。 即学即练2 用关系代词填空 ①Look,here are some people who/whom/that I want you to meet. ②Any student whose family is too poor to go to school can get help from the government. ③The picture that/which was about the accident was terrible. 二、用that不用which的情况 1.当先行词为all,everything,nothing,anything,little,much等不定代词或先行词被这 些词修饰时。 All that can be done has been done. 一切能做的都已经做了。 2.当先行词是序数词、形容词最高级或先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时。 This is the most delicious food that I have ever had. 这是我吃过的最美味的食品。 3.当先行词被the only,the very,the last修饰时。 Chatting was the only thing that interested her most.聊天是她唯一感兴趣的事。 4.当先行词既指人,又指物时。 She took photographs of the things and people that she was interested in. 她把她感兴趣的人和物都拍摄了下来。 5.当主语是以who或which开头的疑问句时,为避免重复而用that。 Who is the person that is standing at the gate? 站在门口的那

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