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高中英语外研版(新教材) 必修第一册Unit 6 单词与阅读理解课件.pptx

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高中英语外研版(新教材) 必修第一册Unit 6 单词与阅读理解课件.pptx


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Unit 6 Words;Words transformation;10. n.生物,有机体___________adj.有机的;器官的__________ n. 器官;机关,组织;风琴_________ n. 组织______________ adj. 有组织的_____________11. n.天文台,观象台_________ v.观察___________ n.观察,庆祝,遵守___________ 观察者______12. adj. 狭窄的,不宽的_________ adv. 勉强的__________13. n.沙漠,荒漠 v. 抛弃__________ adj. 被抛弃的___________dessert___14. adj. 有限的_________ n./v.限制__________ n. _______ adj. 无限的______15. n. 好处,益处_________ adj. 有益的___________16. adj.令人愉快的________ adj. 愉快的,高兴的________n. 荣幸_________17. n.力量,活力_________ adj. 有活力的_____________;key words;2. harmony adj.____________in harmony with 与……和谐相处 out of harmony with 与……不和谐sense of harmony 和谐感(1) The piano was out of harmony ______ the rest of the instruments.(2)We are trying to form a ________(harmony) society to meet peoples nees.(3)我们意识到我们应该和自然和谐相处。(aware; harmony)_________________________________________;3. design vt. 设计,构思,计划,意欲 n.设计,设计方案,打算 n.设计者_____________design sth for sb./sth 为某人/某物设计某物be designed for 为……而设计be designed to do 意欲做……, 目的是……by design = on purpose 故意的I like the ________of the suit, which ___________by a famous __________. She graduated from a school of fashion ________and the school ________to attract talented people who are interested in fashion.(design);4. harm vt&n 伤害,损害 adj. 有害的___________ 无害的___________do sb./sth. harm=do harm to sb./sth 对……造成伤害there is no harm in doing sth 做某事无害be harmful to sb./sth 对某人/某物有害(1)According to the study, using cell phones too often does harm ____ your health.(2)Air pollution will get worse and this will be ________(harm) to people and animals.;5. replace v. 代替,取代,替换,把……放回原处 n. 更换,替换____________replace A with/by B 用B替换/接替A 补充:instead of 代替in place of顶替,代替take sbs/ sths place=take the place of 代替某人/某物 (1)The house in which I grew up has been taken down and replaced _________ an official building.(2)Sending emails has almost taken the place ______writing letters.;6. narrow adj. 狭窄的,窄小的;狭隘的;勉强的,刚刚好的 vt&vi. 使窄小,变窄,缩小 narrowly adv. 勉强地,以毫厘之差;狭隘地 a narrow escape 死里逃生a narrow victory 险胜 (1)He was ___________(narrow) hit by a bus when he was turning to the left.(2)Parents and children should communicate more ____________(narrow) the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.;7. limited adj. 有限的 vt./n. 限制,界限,范围____________be limited to 限定在……,受限制于…… limit...to... 把……限定在……范围内beyond/over the limit 超过限度set a limit to 限制,控制,设定……的限度to the limit 到了最大限度 (1)In my opinion, you had better set a limit ______the expense of your trip.(2)Families are limited _______four free tickets each.;8. benefit n. 益处,优势 vt. 使受益 vi. 得益于,得利于 adj. 有利的,有益的___________for the benefit of sb =for sbs benefit 为了某人的利益,为帮助某人be of (great) benefit to 对……有益to sbs benefit 对某人有利 sb. benefit by/ from sth 某人得益于某物be beneficial to 对……有益 (1)As we all know, cycling is highly ___________(benefit) to health and the environment.(2)All the money is used ______the benefit of disabled children.;Exercises1. Shyness prevents people __________(make)

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