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考研英语(知识运用)历年真题试卷汇编4.doc

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考研英语(知识运用)历年真题试卷汇编4.doc


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考研英语(知识运用)历年真题试卷汇编4 (总分-40,考试时间180分钟) Use of English Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence. Theories【A1】______on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior【A2】______they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through【A3】______with others. Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in【A4】______to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status,【A5】______as a rejection of middle-class values.Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families,【A6】______the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes【A7】______lack of adequate parental control. All theories, however, are tentative and are【A8】______to criticism.Changes in the social structure may indirectly【A9】______juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy that【A10】______to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment【A11】______make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain. The resulting discontent may in【A12】______lead more youths into criminal behavior.Families have also【A13】______changes these years. More families consist of one-parent households or two working parents;【A14】______, children are likely to have less supervision at home【A15】______was common in the traditional family【A16】______. This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. Other【A17】______causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased【A18】______of drugs and alcohol, and the growing【A19】______of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act,【A20】______a direct causal relationship has not yet been established. 1. 1.【A1】 A. acting B. relying C. centering D. commenting 2. 2.【A2】 A. before B. unless C. until D. because 3. 3.【A3】 A. interactions B. assimilation C. cooperation D. consultation 4. 4.【A4】 A. return B. reply C. reference D. response 5. 5.【A5】 A. or B. but rather C. but D. or else 6. 6.【A6】 A. considering B. ignoring C. highlighting D. discarding 7. 7.【A7】 A. on B. in C. for D. with 8. 8.【A8】 A. immune B. resistant C. sensitive D. subject 9. 9.【A9】 A. affect B. reduce C. check D. reflect 10. 10.【A10】 A. point B. lead C. come D. amount 11. 11.【A11】 A. in general B. on average C. by contrast D. at length 12. 12.【A12】 A. case B. short C. turn D. essence 13. 13.【A13】 A. survived B. noticed C. undertaken D. experienced 14. 14.【A14】 A. contrarily B. consequently C. similarly D. simultaneously 15. 15.【A15】 A. than B. that C. which D. as 16. 16.【A16】 A. system B. structure C. concept D. heritage 17. 17.【A17】 A. assessable B. identifiable C. negligible D. incredible 18. 18.【A18】 A. expense B. rest

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