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考研英语(知识运用)历年真题试卷汇编3.doc

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考研英语(知识运用)历年真题试卷汇编3 (总分-40,考试时间180分钟) Use of EnglishThe ethical judgments of the Supreme Court justices have become an important issue recently. The court cannot【C1】______its legitimacy as guardian of the rule of law【C2】______justices behave like politicians. Yet, in several instances, justices acted in ways that【C3】______the court s reputation for being independent and impartial.Justice Antonin Scalia, for example, appeared at political events. That kind of activity makes it less likely that the courts decisions will be【C4】______as impartial judgments. Part of the problem is that the justices are not【C5】______by an ethics code. At the very least, the court should make itself【C6】______to the code of conduct that【C7】______to the rest of the federal judiciary.This and other similar cases【C8】______the question of whether there is still a【C9】______between the court and politics.The framers of the Constitution envisioned law【C10】______having authority apart from politics. They gave justices permanent positions【C11】______they would be free to【C12】______those in power and have no need to【C13】______political support. Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely【C14】______.Constitutional law is political because it results from choices rooted in fundamental social【C15】______like liberty and property. When the court deals with social policy decisions, the law it【C16】______is inescapably political—which is why decisions split along ideological lines are so easily【C17】______as unjust.The justices must【C18】______doubts about the court s legitimacy by making themselves【C19】______to the code of conduct. That would make rulings more likely to be seen as separate from politics and,【C20】______, convincing as law. 1. 1.【C1】 A. emphasize B. maintain C. modify D. recognize 2. 2.【C2】 A. when B. lest C. before D. unless 3. 3.【C3】 A. restored B. weakened C. established D. eliminated 4. 4.【C4】 A. challenged B. compromised C. suspected D. accepted 5. 5.【C5】 A. advanced B. caught C. bound D. founded 6. 6.【C6】 A. resistant B. subject C. immune D. prone 7. 7.【C7】 A. resorts B. sticks C. leads D. applies 8. 8.【C8】 A. evade B. raise C. deny D. settle 9. 9.【C9】 A. line B. barrier C. similarity D. conflict 10. 10.【C10】 A. by B. as C. through D. towards 11. 11.【C11】 A. so B. since C. provided D. though 12. 12.【C12】 A. serve B. satisfy C. upset D. replace 13. 13.【C13】 A. confirm B. express C. cultivate D. offer 14. 14.【C14】 A. guarded B. followed C. studied D. tied 15. 15.【C15】 A. concepts B. theories C. divisions D. conventions 16. 16.【C16】 A. excludes B. questions C. shapes D. controls 17. 17.【C17】 A. dismissed B. released C. ranked D. distorted 18. 18.【C18】 A. suppress B. exploit C. address D. ignore 19. 19.【C19】 A. accessible B. amiable C. agreeable D. accountable 20. 20.【C20】 A. by all means B. at all costs C. in a word D. as a resultThe homeless make up a growing percentage of America s population.【C1】______,

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